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Risks & Complications of Robotic Knee Surgery

Robotic knee surgery has garnered a significant amount of attention in recent times. It is due to the precision and accuracy offered by the robotic systems used in it. Although this advanced technology has numerous benefits to offer, it is important to be aware of its potential risks and complications as well.

Kneebotics, the leading centre of robotic knee replacement surgery in mumbai, provides an overview of the risks and complication associated with robotic surgery which are mentioned below:

1. Infections:

Any surgical procedure runs the risk of post- operative infections. Despite taking all preventive measures to control infections, there is still a risk of developing them. Symptoms include pain, redness, swelling or discharge from the surgical site. The early detection and timely treatment can minimize complications.

2. Blood Clots:

Robotic knee surgery runs the risk of blood clot development in the legs which is known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT). These clots can prove dangerous if they reach the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism. Patients are prescribed blood-thinning medications, early mobilization and compression stockings to minimize this risk.

3. Nerve or Blood Vessel Damage:

Although robotic surgery minimizes tissue trauma, there can still be risk of damage to the nerves or blood vessels. It can lead to damages of temporary or permanent sensory changes, numbness and blood supply impairment.

4. Complications related to Implants:

Robotic surgery runs the risk of implant-related complications which include dislocation, instability, component loosening and wear/ tear. While the technique aims to optimize the implant positioning, patient anatomy and rehabilitation also determine the long-term success of the implant.

5. Allergic Reactions:

Patients may have adverse allergic reactions to the materials used in knee implants. The materials can be metals or bone cement.  Allergies can cause swelling and rashes etc. Allergies can be identified by preoperative testing and accordingly appropriate implant selection can be made.

6. Anaesthesia-related Risks:

General or regional anaesthesia used in robotic surgery pose risks which include adverse reactions to medications, respiratory complications or cardiovascular complications. Anaesthesia providers should carefully assess the patients before surgery to minimize the potential risks.

7. Postoperative Pain and Rehabilitation risks:

Patients may experience postoperative pain. Rehabilitation after surgery also plays a crucial role in optimizing results but it can demand proper commitment from the patient. Following a proper rehabilitation program and pain management strategies can help regain knee function.

Robotic knee surgery has its own set of potential risks and complications for which surgeons take precautions. Patients should have open communication with their doctors to address any concerns. of such risks. Patients can maximize the benefits of robotic knee surgery if they are aware of the complications and can make informed decisions to achieve successful outcomes.

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